water

/ˈwɔtə / (say 'wawtuh)

noun
1. the liquid which in a more or less impure state constitutes rain, oceans, lakes, rivers, etc., and which in a pure state is a transparent, odourless, tasteless liquid, a compound of hydrogen and oxygen, H2O, freezing at 32°F or 0°C, and boiling at 212°F or 100°C. It contains 11.188 per cent hydrogen and 88.812 per cent oxygen, by weight.
2. a special form or variety of this liquid, as rain.
3. (often plural) the liquid obtained from a mineral spring.
4. Rural the allocated amount of water that can be used by irrigation farmers in their scheduled timeslot.
5. the water of a river, etc., with reference to its relative height, especially as dependent on tide: high water; low water.
6. the surface of water: above water; below water; on the water.
7. (plural) flowing water, or water moving in waves.
8. (plural) a body of water as a sea or seas bordering a particular country or situated in a particular region.
9. a liquid solution or preparation: toilet water.
10. any of various solutions of volatile or gaseous substances in water: ammonia water.
11. any liquid or aqueous organic secretion, exudation, humour, or the like, as tears, perspiration, urine, the amniotic fluids, etc.
12. a wavy, lustrous pattern or marking, as on silk fabrics, metal surfaces, etc.
13. the degree of transparency and brilliancy of a diamond or other precious stone.
verb (t)
14. to sprinkle, moisten, or drench with water: to water a road; to water the garden.
15. to supply (animals) with water for drinking.
16. to furnish with a supply of water, as a ship.
17. to furnish water to (a region, etc.), as by streams; supply (land, etc.) with water, as by irrigation.
18. Finance to issue (shares of stock) without receiving a corresponding amount of cash or property.
19. to produce a wavy lustrous pattern, marking, or finish on (fabrics, metals, etc.).
verb (i)
20. to discharge, fill with, or secrete water or liquid, as the eyes, or as the mouth at the sight or thought of tempting food.
21. to drink water, as an animal.
22. to take in a supply of water, as a ship.
adjective
23. of or relating to water in any way.
24. holding water: a water bucket.
25. worked or powered by, or treating, water: a water mill.
26. used in or on water: a water vehicle.
27. prepared with water for hardening, dilution, etc.: water mortar.
28. residing by or in, or ruling over, water: water people; water deity.
phrase
29. above water, out of embarrassment or trouble, especially of a financial nature.
30. by water, by ship or boat.
31. feel it in one's water(s), Colloquial (dated) (humorous) (of a woman) to have an intuition.
32. go to water, to lose courage; abandon one's resolve.
33. in deep (or hot) water,
a. in trouble; in a difficult situation.
b. touching on an area of consideration which is contentious.
34. like water, abundantly; freely: to spend money like water.
35. make one's mouth water, Colloquial to be extremely appetising.
36. make water, to urinate.
37. must be something in the water, (humorous) (an explanation offered in a joking way for something otherwise inexplicable.)
38. of the first water, of the finest quality or rank: a literary critic of the first water. {Phrase Origin: with reference to the classification of diamonds in terms of transparency and brilliance}
39. take water, (of a ship or boat) to fill with water flowing in from leaks.
40. test the water(s), to make a preliminary assessment of a situation.
41. throw cold water on,
a. to dampen the enthusiasm of (a person); discourage.
b. to dampen enthusiasm for (a plan, etc.).
{Phrase Origin: ? a reference to the shock to the naked body caused by a dousing of cold water}
42. water down,
a. to dilute or adulterate with water: to water down the soup.
b. to weaken: *he tried to introduce all manner of far-sighted reforms based on nationalisation – but most were rejected or watered down, by court decisions and referendums, to Australia's loss. –suzy jarratt, 1970.
43. water the horse, Colloquial to urinate.
44. water under the bridge, over and finished with: that's water under the bridge now.
{Middle English; Old English wæter}
waterer, noun
waterless, adjective
The fact that Australia is the world's driest inhabited continent means that the resource of water is especially important. Although Australia accounts for 5.6 per cent of the world's landmass, the water it receives in run-off is only a little more than 1 per cent. With hotter temperatures associated with global warming leading to increases in evaporation rates and less surface run-off, there will be a reduction in water availability due to diminished river flows. Despite predictions for reduced rainfall in many parts of Australia, other parts of the country will see more intense and frequent rainfall. The CSIRO has recorded increasing rainfall over the north, west and central Australia for the 50 years between 1952 and 2002, but a trend to drier conditions in south-western WA and southern Australia as a whole. It is predicted that Australia's north which is less peopled will receive a higher water surplus but there will be water shortages in the southern part of the country where there are higher demands for water for agricultural, industrial, commercial and urban use.

Australian English dictionary. 2014.

Synonyms:
, , , / (for drink), , , , / (as cloth, to give it an undulating or wavy appearance)


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